Chénier, André

(1762-1794)
   poet
   Regarded as one of the most important French classical poets and as a forerunner of the romantics, André Chénier was born in Constantinople, where his father was serving as French consul general. In the salon of his mother, who was of Greek origin, he became absorbed with Hellenic culture and also was inspired by the works of the Enlightenment philosophers. At first a poet of the liberal revolution of 1789, he became outraged by the excesses of the terror and, as his writings antagonized max-imilien Robespierre, he was guillotined. His work (posthumous, 1819) caused a sensation among the romantic youths of the period who saw in it "a new poety, about to be born" (victor hugo). In L'Invention, Chénier defends his poetic art, while in Idylles ou Bucoliques, he seeks to rediscover the physical beauty and musicality of the works of antiquity. In two long poems, "L'Hermès" and "L'Amérique," epics of science and progress, he turns to more modern inspirations. A lyrical poet, in Élegées and Pièces à Fanny, he sang of love and themes dear to the poets of the 18th century. Finally, in Iambes, Chénier expresses, in strong and incisive satire, his distain and hatred of the political excesses of the day.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chénier, André de — ▪ French author born Oct. 30, 1762, Istanbul died July 25, 1794, Paris  poet and political journalist, generally considered the greatest French poet of the 18th century. His work was scarcely published until 25 years after his death. When the… …   Universalium

  • Andre Chenier — André Chénier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chénier. André Chénier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André-Marie Chénier — André Chénier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chénier. André Chénier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André Chénier — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda André Chénier por Joseph Benoît Suvée. André Marie Chénier (Estambul,[1] 30 de octubre de 1762 …   Wikipedia Español

  • André Chénier — Born 30 October 1762(1762 10 30) Constantinople, Ottoman Empire Died 25 July 1794(1794 07 25) Paris …   Wikipedia

  • Andre Chenier — André Chénier André Chénier (eigentlich André Marie Chénier oder de Chénier, * 29. Oktober 1762 in Galata bei Konstantinopel; † 25. Juli 1794 in Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller, der vor allem als Lyriker bekannt ist. Er war Bruder des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • André Chénier — (eigentlich André Marie Chénier oder de Chénier, * 29. Oktober 1762 in Galata bei Istanbul; † 25. Juli 1794 in Paris) war ein adliger französischer Autor, der vor allem als Lyriker bekannt ist. Er war Bruder des heute vergessenen Dramatikers… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chénier — Chenier oder Chénier ist der Name von den Chénier Brüdern: André Chénier, (1762–1794), französischer Schriftsteller, zugleich auch Titelfigur der Oper „Andrea Chénier“ von Umberto Giordano Marie Joseph Chénier, (1764–1811), französischer Dichter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chénier — (André de) (1762 1794) poète français. Il s enthousiasma pour la Révolution, puis en condamna les excès. Il fut guillotiné. La plupart de ses oeuvres sont posth. Si la forme est classique, les idées annoncent les romantiques français …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • André Chénier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chénier. André Chénier …   Wikipédia en Français

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